What's It All About, eh?

Cape Breton evokes deep memories and strong emotions for me as well as a deep appreciation for the beauty of my adopted island. My hopes are that you too might find the photos evocative - maybe a view you've not enjoyed before, or an 'Oh I've been there', or if from away that you may be encouraged to visit this fair isle so that you might come to love and breathe Cape Breton as I do. One word about place names that I use - some are completely local usage while others are from maps of Cape Breton that I've purchased over the years. I frequently post travel and other photos that are of interest to me - and hopefully you.

On the right hand side bar find my take on Single Malt whiskey - from how to best enjoy this noble drink to reviews (in a most non-professional manner) of ones that I have tried and liked - or not. Also musings, mine and others, on life in general.

Photographs are roughly 98%+ my own and copy-righted. For the occasional photo that is borrowed, credit is given where possible - recently I have started posting unusual net photographs that seem unique. Feel free to borrow any of my photos for non-commercial use, otherwise contact me. Starting late in 2013 I have tried to be consistent in identifying my photographs using ©smck on all out of camera photos I personally captured - (I often do minor computer changes such as 'crop' or 'shadow' etc but usually nothing major), and using
©norvellhimself on all photos that I have played around with in case it might not be obvious. Lately I have dropped the ©smck and have watermarked them with the blog name.

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Pollinated Indian Pipe - Monotropa uniflora

the above photograph - ©SmcK 29Apr'15

Indian Pipe
Summer Ghost of the Forest
By Carol Gracie
Page 1



While enjoying a summer walk in the cool of the forest, your eye might be drawn to something white on the ground, especially in the deep shade of pines, oaks, beeches, or hemlocks. A quick glance could lead you to believe that you’ve found a strange fungus, but a closer look will show that it is a true flower, albeit an unusual one. This white apparition has appropriately been called ghost flower, corpse plant, or more commonly, Indian pipe. Indian pipe is descriptive of the shape of the plant with its flower curved downward so that it faces the ground. The scientific name, Monotropa uniflora, is also appropriate meaning “once-turned, single flower.” Each stalk bears just a solitary flower that turns upward after pollination and remains that way as the fruit develops. It has also been known as bird’s nest for the appearance of its mass of short, blunt roots, and ghost flower and corpse plant, referring to the white, waxy appearance of the plant. Indian pipe is a plant that lacks the green pigment called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is necessary for photosynthesis, the process whereby plants manufacture their own food (photosynthate) in the presence of sunlight. Lacking chlorophyll, Indian pipe is unable to produce its own food and therefore has no need for true leaves which are replaced by small scales along the stem. It is able to inhabit the darkest areas of the forest where sunlight is in short supply. Plants may grow as a single stem or in clumps of up to 20 stems, but they are not generally found in large number

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